On 8 May 2014, the Italian Personal Data Protection Authority issued provision no. 229 entitled “Individuazione delle modalità semplificate per l’informativa e l’acquisizione del consenso per l’uso dei cookie” [Identification of simplified methods for providing information and obtaining consent to the use of cookies], published in the Official Gazette on 3 June 2014. By way of the aforementioned provision, the Authority implemented European directives stating that, the first time a visitor accesses a website, the site must display an information banner informing them of the cookie policy for the site they are visiting, and making continued browsing subject to acceptance of that policy. The full text of the provision is available at the following URL http://www.garanteprivacy.it/web/guest/home/docweb/-/docweb-display/docweb/3118884.


Cookies are small text strings sent by sites visited to the user’s device (usually to the browser), where they are stored and then sent back to the sites upon subsequent visits by the same user. When browsing a site, users’ devices may also receive cookies sent by other sites or web servers (so-called “third parties”), which may also contain certain elements (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages on other domains) present on the site visited by the user. The cookies – a very high number of which are usually contained in users’ browsers, and which may also persist for an extended period of time – are used for different purposes: to perform IT authentication, monitor sessions, save information on specific configurations regarding users who access the server, etc. For the purposes of properly overseeing implementation of the directive, the Authority identified two main categories of cookie: technical cookies and profiling cookies; and at the same time provided for further differentiation based on the party installing the cookies, who may be the website operator (“publisher”) or a third party who installs the cookies by way of the latter (these are defined as third party cookies). In the latter case, the Authority expressly limits the responsibility of the publisher to referring to the information notice provided by the party installing the cookies.

Technical cookies

Technical cookies are those used exclusively for the purpose of “sending information on an electronic communications network, or to the degree strictly necessary to the supplier of an IT company service, explicitly requested by the subscriber or the user to provide said service” (see art. 122, par. 1 of the Code). They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or manager of the website. They may be divided into browsing and session cookies, which ensure normal browsing and use of the website (for example, allowing purchases to be made and authentication to be provided to access reserved areas); analytics cookies, which are technical cookies if used directly by the website operator to gather information, in an aggregated way, on the number of users and how those users visit the site; functionality cookies, which allow the user to browse in accordance with a series of selected criteria (e.g. language, products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service delivered. Installation of such cookies is not subject to prior consent from users, but the obligation to provide an information notice in accordance with art. 13 of the Code remains.

Profiling cookies

Profiling cookies are designed to create profiles relating to the user and are used for the purposes of sending advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the latter when surfing the web. Due to the potentially particularly invasive nature of such devices in the context of user privacy, European and Italian regulations require that the user be sufficiently informed regarding their use and that they provide valid consent. In this regard, art. 122 of the Code provides that “storing information on the terminal device of a contracting party or user, or accessing previously stored information, is only permitted on condition that the contracting party or user has provided their consent, having been informed using the simplified methods referred to in article 13, paragraph 3” (art. 122, paragraph 1 of the Code).

With regard to the foregoing, our website only and exclusively installs technical and third party cookies on the user’s terminal. Specifically, the cookies handled by the site are:

Technical cookies

  • WordPress

Third party cookies

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Cookies facilitate and speed up browsing on our site but, if you prefer, you can choose to reject them. This will, however, prevent us from saving your preferences, offering you personalised content and collecting aggregated data from your visit to the site. You can change cookie settings directly from your web browser. To find out more about how to remove cookies from your browser, follow these links:

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